Understanding Forex Pips: A Beginner’s Guide


Understanding Forex Pips: A Beginner’s Guide

Forex (Foreign Exchange) trading can be a daunting task for beginners, with its complex terminology and intricate patterns. However, by mastering the basics, you can gain the confidence needed to navigate the forex market successfully. One essential concept that every forex trader must understand is pips.

What are Forex Pips?

Pip stands for “Percentage in Point” or “Price Interest Point.” It represents the smallest unit of price movement in the forex market. In most currency pairs, one pip is equal to 0.0001. However, in some pairs, like the Japanese Yen (JPY), the pip is represented by two decimal places, making one pip equal to 0.01.


To comprehend pips better, let’s consider an example. Suppose you are trading the EUR/USD currency pair, and the current exchange rate is 1.2000. If the price moves up to 1.2001, it means the price has increased by one pip. Conversely, if the price drops to 1.1999, it has decreased by one pip.

Calculating Pip Value:

Understanding how to calculate pip value is crucial for risk management and position sizing in forex trading. The pip value depends on the currency pair being traded and the size of the trading position.

For currency pairs where the quote currency is the US Dollar (USD), calculating the pip value is relatively straightforward. The formula is as follows:

Pip Value = (0.0001 / Current Exchange Rate) * Trading Size

For example, if you are trading one standard lot (100,000 units) of EUR/USD at an exchange rate of 1.2000, the pip value can be calculated as:

Pip Value = (0.0001 / 1.2000) * 100,000 = $8.33

This means that for every pip movement in the EUR/USD, you would gain or lose $8.33, depending on the direction of the trade.

For currency pairs where the USD is not the quote currency, an additional step is required. Let’s say you are trading the GBP/JPY currency pair at an exchange rate of 150.00. To calculate the pip value in this case, you would first convert the pip value from the quote currency (JPY) to the account currency (USD) using the current exchange rate.

Pip Value in USD = (Pip Value in JPY / Current Exchange Rate) * Trading Size

If the pip value in JPY is 1000 and the current exchange rate is 150.00, and you are trading one standard lot (100,000 units), the pip value in USD can be calculated as:

Pip Value in USD = (1000 / 150.00) * 100,000 = $666.67

Understanding Pipettes:

In addition to pips, forex traders also need to be aware of pipettes. A pipette represents a fractional pip, adding an extra decimal place to the pip value. It is commonly used in currency pairs where the Japanese Yen is involved.

For example, if the exchange rate for the USD/JPY currency pair is 110.250, and it moves to 110.260, it has increased by one pipette. In this case, the pipette value would be 0.001.


Understanding pips is fundamental for any beginner in the forex market. It allows traders to measure price movement accurately, calculate potential profits or losses, and determine the appropriate position size for a trade.

By grasping the concept of pips and learning how to calculate pip value, traders can effectively manage their risk and make informed trading decisions. It is crucial to practice using pip calculations on demo accounts before venturing into live trading, ensuring a solid foundation for a successful forex trading journey.


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